## expressionExpression interpreter that returns with the position after the expression (expression may consist of +, -, *, /, (), sin(), cos(), tan(), sqrt(), asin(), acos(), atan(), exp(), log(), pi) |

This information is part of the Modelica Standard Library maintained by the Modelica Association.

result =expression(string); (result, nextIndex) =expression(string, startIndex=1, message="");

This function is nearly the same as Examples.**calculator**.
The essential difference is that function "expression" might be
used in other parsing operations: After the expression is
parsed and evaluated, the function returns with the value
of the expression as well as the position of the character
directly after the expression.

This function demonstrates how a simple expression calculator can be implemented in form of a recursive decent parser using basically the Strings.scanToken(..) and scanDelimiters(..) function. There are 2 local functions (term, primary) that implement the corresponding part of the grammar.

The following operations are supported (pi=3.14.. is a predefined constant):

+, - *, / (expression) sin(expression) cos(expression) tan(expression) sqrt(expression) asin(expression) acos(expression) atan(expression) exp(expression) log(expression) pi

The optional argument "startIndex" defines at which position scanning of the expression starts.

In case of error, the optional argument "message" is appended to the error message, in order to give additional information where the error occurred.

This function parses the following grammar

expression: [ add_op ] term { add_op term } add_op : "+" | "-" term : primary { mul_op primary } mul_op : "*" | "/" primary : UNSIGNED_NUMBER | pi | ( expression ) | functionName( expression ) function : sin | cos | tan | sqrt | asin | acos | atan | exp | log

Note, in Examples.readRealParameter it is shown, how the expression function can be used as part of another scan operation.

expression("2+3*(4-1)"); // returns 11 expression("sin(pi/6)"); // returns 0.5

(result, nextIndex) = expression(string, startIndex, message)

string |
Type: String Description: Expression that is evaluated |
---|---|

startIndex |
Default Value: 1 Type: Integer Description: Start scanning of expression at character startIndex |

message |
Default Value: "" Type: String Description: Message used in error message if scan is not successful |

result |
Type: Real Description: Value of expression |
---|---|

nextIndex |
Type: Integer Description: Index after the scanned expression |